The Enhancement of Cultural Heritage: from Documentation to Digital Simulation of MAC USP by Paulo Mendes da Rocha
Keywords:unbuilt, promenade, circulation, animation, perception
The enhancement of the archival architectural heritage, in terms of preservation, has favored the documentation and investigation of projects and buildings. The significance of constructing 3D digital models in the domain of architecture is already a well-established idea. In addition, the digital reconstruction of hand-made drawings contributes to the deepening of the study of unbuilt. In this sense, the representation only by orthogonal projections is insufficient to perceive the spaces, on the other hand, animation allows us to include time by simulating the displacement of a virtual spectator. In the unbuilt project for the Museum of Contemporary Art at the University of São Paulo, MAC USP (1975), designed by architect Paulo Mendes da Rocha, the circulation system is organized by a set of ramps, footbridges, and stairs, which promotes the contemplation of the internal spaces. Using digital simulation, this article analyzes the temporal sequence of approach to this building, its accesses, penetration into interior spaces, and the multiple views from six paths resulted by animations. Rendering, animation, and axonometric resulting from 3D digital model, allowed us to analyze the circulation system, particularly the emphasis of the ramps in this project from the concept of promenade architecturale. The original contribution of this article is highlighting the singular circulation system adopted by the architect in this unbuilt project by digital simulations.
Artigas, R. (2007). Paulo Mendes da Rocha. Projetos 1957-1999. São Paulo: Cosac Naify.
Bartolomei, C., Ippolito, A., Vizioli, S. (Eds.). (2022). Digital Modernism Heritage Lexicon. Cham: Springer.
Chini Solot, D. (2020). Paulo Mendes da Rocha. Horizonte Urbano. Rio de Janeiro: PUC Rio.
Docci, M., Gaiani, M., Maestri, D. (2017). Scienza del disegno. Seconda edizione. Novara: CittàStudi Edizione.
Foscari, A. (2010). Andrea Palladio. Unbuilt Venice. Baden: Lars Muller Publishers.
Galli, M., Mühlhoff, C. (2000). Virtual Terragni. CAAD in Historical and Critical Research. Basel: Birkhäuser Publishers.
Guidi, G., Russo, M., Angheleddu, D. (2013). Digital Reconstruction of an Archaeological Site Based on the Integration of 3d Data and Historical Sources. In Int. Arch. Photogramm. Remote Sens. Spatial Inf. Sci., XL-5/W1, 2013: <https://www.int-arch-photogramm-remote-sens-spatial-inf-sci.net/XL-5-W1/99/2013/> (accessed 22 April 2022).
Harbison, R. (1991). The Built, the Unbuilt and the Unbuildable. In Pursuit of Architectural Meaning. London: Thames and Hudson.
Johnson, P. (1965). Whence & Whither: The Processional Element in Architecture. In Perspecta, v.9/10, pp.184-186.
Larson, K. (2000). Louis I. Kahn. Unbuilt Masterworks. New York: Monacelli Press.
Le Corbusier, Boesiger, W. (1936). Le Corbusier et Pierre Jeanneret. Oeuvre Complète. Zurich: Les Éditions D’Architecture.
Le Corbusier (1961). Mensagem aos estudantes de arquitetura. São Paulo: Martins Fontes.
Martens, B., Peter, H. (2010). Displacing the frontiers of reconstructed cultural heritage representation of the non-existing within an urban context. In B. Dave, A. I. Li, N. Gu, H. J. Park (Eds.). New Frontiers: Proceedings of the 15th International Conference on Computer-Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia CAADRIA 2010. Hong Kong, 7-10 april 2010, pp. 63-72. Hong Kong: Association for Research in CAADRIA.
Otondo, C. (2013). Desenho e espaço construído: Relações entre pensar e fazer na obra de Paulo Mendes da Rocha. PhD in Architecture Thesis. Coordinator A. M. de Moraes Belluzzo. Universidade de São Paulo, FAUUSP.
Pfeiffer, B. B. (1999). Treasures of Taliesin: Seventy-seven unbuilt designs. San Francisco: Pomegranate.
Rushton, H, Schnabel, M. A. (2020). Exhibiting Digital Heritage. In D. Holzer, W. Nakapan, A. Globa, I. Koh (Eds.). RE: Anthropocene, Design in the Age of Humans. Proceedings of the 25th International Conference of the Association for Computer-Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia (CAADRIA) 2020. Bangkok, Thailand, 5-6 August 2020, Vol. 2, pp.193-202. Hong Kong: Association for Research in CAADRIA.
Sdegno, A. (2011). The Masieri Memorial by Frank L. Wright in Venice. Reconstructing an Unbuilt project on the Canal Grande. In T. Zupancic, M. Juvancic, S. Verovsek, A. Jutraz (Eds.). Respecting fragile places, Proceedings of eCAADe 29. Ljubljana, 21-24 september 2011, pp. 960-966. Brussels: Education in Computer Aided Architectural Design in Europe and UNI Ljubljana, Faculty of Architecture.
Wilson, L., Rawlinson, A., Frost, A., Hepher, J. (2017). 3D digital documentation for disaster management in historic buildings: Applications following fire damage at the Mackintosh building. The Glasgow School of Art. In Journal of Cultural Heritage 31: <https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S1296207417304685> (accessed 22 April 2022).
Zevi, B. (1994). Saber ver a arquitetura. São Paulo: Martins Fontes.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2022 diségno
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.