The Exploratory Dimension of Drawing in the Representation of Landscapes from Above


  • Maria Grazia Cianci Department of Architecture, Università degli Studi di Roma Tre
  • Sara Colaceci Department of Architecture, Università degli Studi di Roma Tre



landscape representation, viewpoint, documentation, UAV, LiDAR


The aim of this contribution is to demonstrate the exploratory nature of the representation of landscapes from both the more properly expressive and interpretative aspects and the analytical and cognitive one of the environmental contexts. Initially, the paper clarifies the historical and cultural reasons for the link between point of view and landscape, then retracing some historical stages in the alternation between perspective point of view and zenithal point of view in the representation of the landscape.
Subsequently, the paper illustrates some research carried out and in progress at the Department of Architecture of the University of Roma Tre concerning methods of acquisition, processing and data management aimed at reading, analyzing and understanding the landscape. The case studies are: representation of the archaeological landscape of the southern sector of Rome; survey and representation of the site where the Mausoleum of Sant’Urbano is located at the IV mile of the via Appia Antica with UAV and laser scanner; survey of the coast of the Pontine-Roman sector.


Baena, S., Moat, J., Whaley, O., Boyd D.S. (2017). Identifying species from the air: UAVs and the very high resolution challenge for plant conservation. In PLoS ONE, 12, No.11, pp. 1-21: <> (accessed February 3, 2023).

Bazzoffi, P. (2015). Measurement of rill erosion through a new UAV-GIS methodology. In Italian Journal of Agronomy, 10, No.1, pp. 1-18.

Bosman, A., Casalbore, D., Anzidei, M., Muccini, F., Carmisciano, C., Chiocci, F. L. (2015). The first ultra-high resolution Digital Terrain Model of the shallow-water sector around Lipari Island (Aeolian Islands, Italy). In Annals of geophysics, 58, No. 2, pp. 1-11: <> (accessed January 27, 2023).

Cianci, M. G. (2008). Metafore. Rappresentazioni e interpretazioni di paesaggi. Firenze: Alinea.

Colaceci, S. (2022a). La dialettica tra Paesaggio e Rappresentazione nella normativa italiana e internazionale. In A. Carannante, S. Lucchetti, S. Menconero, A. Ponzetta (a cura di). Metodi, applicazioni, tecnologie. Colloqui del dottorato di ricerca in Storia, Disegno e Restauro dell’Architettura. Atti della giornata di studi. Roma, 14 dicembre 2020, pp. 145-158. Roma: Sapienza Università Editrice: <> (accessed January 5, 2023).

Colaceci, S. (2022b). La rappresentazione del paesaggio per la documentazione, la conoscenza e la valorizzazione. Milano: FrancoAngeli.

Docci, M., Maestri, D. (1993). Storia del rilevamento architettonico e urbano. Roma-Bari: Editori Laterza.

Doria, E., La Placa, S., Picchio, F. (2022). From reality-based model to GIS platform. Multi-scalar modeling for irrigated landscape management in the Pavia plain. In The International Archives of the Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Sciences, Vol. XLVIII-2/ W1-2022, pp. 73-80: <> (accessed February 12, 2023).

Dunford, R., Michel, K., Gagnage, M., Piegay, H., Trémelo, M. L. (2009). Potential and constraints of Unmanned Aerial Vehicle technology for the characterization of Mediterranean riparian forest. In International Journal Remote Sensing, 3 0, N o.19, pp. 4 915-4935. <> (accessed January 27, 2023).

Empler, T., Sargenti, S. (1992). Ermeneusi storica del disegno di paesaggio. In R. De Rubertis, A. Soletti, V. Ugo (a cura di). XY. Temi e Codici del disegno d’architettura, pp. 290-306. Roma: Officina Edizioni.

Ferreyra, C., Limongiello, M., di Filippo, A., Barba, S., Van Schoor, M., Laubscher, J., Nkambule, E. (2020). Documentation and enhancement of the cultural landscape of South Africa. In S. Barba, S. Parrinello, M. Limongiello, A. Dell’Amico (Eds.). Drones - Systems of Information on culTural hEritage. For a spatial and social investigation, pp. 317-323. Pavia: Pavia University Press.

Gini, R., Sona, G., Ronchetti, G., Passoni, D., Pinto, L. (2018). Improving Tree Species Classification Using UAS Multispectral Images and Texture Measures. In ISPRS International Journal of Geo-Information, 7, No.8, pp. 1-18: <> (accessed January 18, 2023).

Gini, R., Passoni, D., Pinto, L., Sona, G. (2014). Use of Unmanned Aerial Systems for multispectral survey and tree classification: A test in a park area of northern Italy. In European Journal of Remote Sensing, 47, No.1, pp. 251-269: <> (accessed January 18, 2023).

Gonçalves, J., Henriques, R. (2015). UAV photogrammetry for topographic monitoring of coastal areas. In ISPRS Journal Photogrammetry Remote Sensing, 104, pp. 101-111. <> (accessed January 18, 2023).

Guerra-Hernández, J., González-Ferreiro, E., Monleón, V. J., Faias, S. P., Tomé, M., Díaz-Varela, R. A. (2017). Use of Multi-Temporal UAV-Derived Imagery for Estimating Individual Tree Growth in Pinus pinea Stands. In Forests, 8, No.8, pp. 1-19: <> (accessed January 18, 2023).

Long, N., Millescamps, B., Guillot, B., Pouget, F., Bertin, X. (2016). Monitoring the Topography of a Dynamic Tidal Inlet Using UAV Imagery. In Remote Sensing, 8, N o.5, pp. 1-18: <> (accessed January 18, 2023).

Mahmoud, A.M.A., Hussain, E., Novellino, A., Psimoulis, P., Marsh, S. (2021). Monitoring the Dynamics of Formby Sand Dunes Using Airborne LiDAR DTMs. In Remote Sensing, Vol. 13, No. 22, pp. 1-18: <> (accessed January 18, 2023).

Pagán, J.I., Bañón, L., López, I., Bañón, C., Aragonés, L. (2019). Monitoring the dune-beach system of Guardamar del Segura (Spain) using UAV, SfM and GIS techniques. In Science of the Total Environment, No.687, pp.1034-1045: <> (accessed January 18, 2023).

Pérez Alberti, A. (2022). Propuesta metodológica para la caracterización y tipificación de las costas españolas. Aplicación a las costas de Galicia. In Cuadernos de Investigación Geográfica, No.48, pp. 1-23.

Pirinu, A., Argiolas, R., Paba, N. (2020). UAVs and photogrammetry for landscape analysis of Sardinia’s “modern wars architectures”. In S. Barba, S. Parrinello, M. Limongiello, A. Dell’Amico (Eds.). Drones - Systems of Information on culTural hEritage. For a spatial and social investigation, pp. 306-315, Pavia: Pavia University Press.

Romagnoli, C., Casalbore, D., Bortoluzzi, G., Bosman, A., Chiocci, F. L., D’Oriano, F., Gamberi, F., Ligi, M., Marani, M. (2013). Bathy-morphological setting of the Aeolian Islands. In F. Lucchi, A. Peccerillo, J. Keller, C. A. Tranne, P. L. Rossi (Eds.). The Aeolian Islands Volcanoes, pp. 27-36. London: Memoirs.

Ronchi, D., Limongello. M. (2020). Landscape survey and vegetation filtering for archaeological cartography. A UNESCO World Heritage site in Cerveteri: “Banditaccia” necropolis and the “Via degli Inferi”. In S. Barba, S. Parrinello, M. Limongiello, A. Dell’Amico (Eds.). Drones - Systems of Information on culTural hEritage. For a spatial and social investigation, pp. 142-149, Pavia: Pavia University Press.

Ronchi, D., Limongiello, M., Barba, S. (2020). Correlation among Earthwork and Cropmark Anomalies within Archaeological Landscape Investigation by Using LiDAR and Multispectral Technologies from UAV. In Drones, 4, No.4, pp. 1-25: <> (accessed January 18, 2023).

Wang, T., Mei, X., Thomasson, J. A., Yang, C., Han, X., Yadav, P.K., Shi, Y. (2022). GIS-based volunteer cotton habitat prediction and plant-level detection with UAV remote sensing. In Computers and Electronics in Agriculture, No.193, pp. 1-12: <> (accessed January 18, 2023).



How to Cite

M. G. Cianci and S. Colaceci, “The Exploratory Dimension of Drawing in the Representation of Landscapes from Above”, diségno, no. 12, pp. 183–194, Jun. 2023.



Representing landscapes from above